PhD Battery +/- 3™
Energy output is a complex matter. We all need a certain amount of carbohydrates to ensure that our glycogen stores are fully stocked to ensure we can perform to our optimum ability during exercise. This is an accepted fact. Slightly more complicated is the matter of pre-workout energy continuation and post workout glycogen replenishment. Different carbohydrate sources with different Glycemic measurements are required to satisfy these varying requirements. It’s additionally important that along with the triple-charged carbohydrate content of Battery +/- 3™, amino acids that are vital to the muscle preservation process are also included.
This is why PhD invented Battery +/-3™.
Step 1- Long and mid-term energy- Battery+/-3™ contains fructose and maltodextrin to ensure that when taken before and during exercise, the blood sugar spike will not be so great that it impairs long and mid-term performance. Fructose has a low glycemic rating (GI 23) so it’s conversion to blood sugar is slow and steady. Maltodextrin has been used throughout the years as a complex carbohydrate, though in reality, it is sufficient for mid-term energy storage and additionally effective when used post exercise to replenish glycogen stores and ensure complete and efficient recovery from training.
Step 2- Immediate glycogen replenishment- High Impact carbs!- Dextrose monohydrate has a high-glycemic rating ensuring immediate and effective glycogen replenishment and an instant elevation of blood sugar for complete recovery. This particular process becomes vital upon the conclusion of a workout. This is the period when glycogen reserves have been drained and need immediate replenishment.
Step 3- Added Branched Chain Amino Acids and L-Glutamine- BCAA’s are considered the critical cluster of amino acids, the most vital of all.
PhD Nutrition consider Leucine, Iso-leucine and Valine as integral inclusions within Battery+/-3™ for the important role they play in helping the body preserve muscle tissue throughout times of stress and during and after periods of intense exercise.
Leucine, Iso-leucine and Valine have long been heralded within the sports nutrition world. BCAA’s are needed for the maintenance of muscle tissue and appear to preserve muscle stores of glycogen (1, 2). This ensures an anabolic and anti-catabolic environment, therefore minimising any potential muscle-loss whilst maximising the potential for muscle repair. Due to this glycogen-sparing action, BCAA’s may help prevent muscle breakdown during exercise. L-Glutamine is one of the most used supplements within sports nutrition and in particularly the body building world. Famed for its ability to aid in the anti-catabolic process,L-Glutamine is a vital inclusion within Battery+/-3™
How to use Battery+/-3™
The versatility of Battery+/-3™ comes from the triple-action carbohydrate content. Most carbohydrate and recovery drinks contain dextrose alone. Some will include some maltodextrin in there as a token gesture. Battery+/-3™ includes three different carbohydrate sources, all with differing conversion rates.
Before- Use a 40 gram serving of Battery+/-3™ immediately prior to intense exercise, whether this be weight training, cycling, long distance running, rugby, it doesn’t matter. Any athletic pursuit that requires sustainable energy.
During- As glycogen stores begin to dwindle, fatigue may set in. This is when a 40-60 gram serving of Battery+/-3™ during exercise can be vital. If you are in the middle of a 2-3 hour run or bike ride, using Battery +/-3™ during exercise could be your saviour. After-
Upon completing an intense workout, glycogen reserves are diminished. You need replenishment and quickly. The simple carbohydrates present inBattery+/-3™ will do the job and they’ll do it quick. I always have reservations about simply using dextrose alone at this period. In the past, when following this practise, I experienced a huge blood sugar crash some 45-60 minutes later. If you cannot eat at this period, then the crash is not healthy. This is why we include fructose in the product. Battery+/-3™ will be ingested quickly enough to replenish muscle glycogen stores, but not so quick that the crash will
occur. Depending upon body weight and exercise performed, I would recommend between 60 grams (3 scoops) and 100 grams (5 scoops) of Battery+/-3™ at this stage.
Ingredient declaration: PhD Nutrition’s Tri-carb max ™ (Dextrose, Fructose, Maltodextrin) Citric acid, Flavouring, PhD Nutrition’s iso-hydrate ™ (Potassium chloride, magnesium phosphate, calcium phosphate, sodium), PhD Nutrition’s recover-X4 ™ (Leucine, Iso-leucine, valine, L-Glutamine), sweetener.
Nutritional Information per 100G per 60G (3 scoops) per 40G(2scoops)
Energy 1454kj/348kcal 872.4kj/208.8kcal 581kj/139.2kcal
Protein 2.4 G 1.45G 1 G
Carbohydrates 84.78G 50.87 G 33.91 G
Sugars 66.55G 39.93 G 26.62 G
Fat Trace Trace Trace
Saturates Trace Trace Trace
Dietary fibre Nil Nil Nil
Sodium 200mg 100mg 80mg
Potassium 500mg 300mg 200mg
Calcium 100mg 60mg 40mg
Magnesium 140mg 84mg 56mg
Directions for use and how to mix:
1) Pre-workout energy boost or carbohydrate load: Add 2 scoops of PhD Battery to 300-400ml ice cold water and shake vigorously for 5 seconds or more. 2) During exercise: Add 2 scoops (40 grams)of PhD Nutrition’s Battery +/-3 to 300-400ml of ice cold water and shake vigorously for 5 seconds or more.
3) Post workout: Add 3 scoops (60 grams) of PhD Nutrition’s Battery +/-3 to 500ml of ice-cold water and shake vigorously for 5 seconds or more. The post workout meal is a vital part of any athletic diet. Replenishing glycogen storage immediately after intense exercise such as weight-training may help facilitate recovery and progression.
Who needs Battery+/-3™ ?
Body builders, cyclists, boxers, runners, rowers anyone involved in intense exercise will benefit from Battery+/-3™
Battery+/-3™ is part of the PhD Nutrition Energy and Performance range and can be used successfully with all other PhD products.
1) Blomstrand E, Ek s, Newsholme EA. (1996). Influence of ingesting a solution of branched chain amino acids on plasma and muscle concentrations of amino acids during prolonged sub maximal exercise.
2) Maclean DA, Graham TE, Saltin B. (1994) Branched chain amino acids augment ammonia metabolism while attenuating protein breakdown during exercise. Am J Physiol, 267:E1010-1022
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